International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Chemical Parameters of Soil of Turkaulia Lake of North Bihar (India) in Relation to its Productivity

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Post-Graduate Dept. of Zoology, M.S. College, Motihari (B.R.A. Bihar University, Muzaffarpur), East - Champaran-845401, Bihar, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (3), Pages 1-4, March,22 (2014)


Soil and water are the most precious natural resources and an important ecological factor responsible for the productivity of any water body. For the biological productivity and maintenance of an aquaculture, chemical components and nature of soil are most important abiotic factors. The present study deals with the analysis of some chemical parameters of soil of Turkaulia lake, an ox-bow lake of East-Champaran district of North Bihar, India. pH, phosphate, organic matter, calcium, magnesium, bicarbonate and carbonate were studied because these parameters are the main factor which determines the productivity of the soil. During the study period (i.e., January-December 2010) the hydrogen ion concentration (pH) was higher in most of the months of the year and provides ideal alkaline medium for fish culture. Phosphate concentration was also moderate. Calcium and magnesium were also in good amount. In the soil of Turkaulia lake, carbonate was untraceable while bicarbonate was found in soil in good concentration.


  1. Biswas T.D. and Mukherjee S.K., Textbook of soil science, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. New Delhi, (1987)
  2. Kumar Niraj, Study of ichthyofaunal biodiversity of Turkaulia Lake, East-Champaran, Bihar, India, I. Res. J. Environment Sci. 1(2), 21-24 (2012)
  3. Kumar Niraj and Singh N. P., Studies on physico-chemical characteristics of Turkaulia Lake, a natural ox-bow lake of East-Champaran in relation to growth of zooplankton and fish culture, 20th All India Congress of Zoology, CIFE, Mumbai, 140 (2009)
  4. Sinha M and Jha B.C., Ecology and fisheries of ox bow lakes of North Bihar- a threatened ecosystem, Bull. No. 74, CICFRI (ICAR), Barrackpore, West Bengal (1997)
  5. Kumar Niraj and Singh, N. P., Studies on the ichthyofauna of Kararia lake of Motihari, East-Champaran, Bihar, India, Res. J. Animal, Veterinary and Fishery Sci.,1(4), 8-12 (2013)
  6. Banerjee S.M., Water quality and soil condition of fish ponds in some states of India in relation to fish production, Ind. J. Fish,14 (1and2), 115-144 (1967)
  7. Kumari U., Singh S.K. and Singh, U.N., Ecological parameters of Basman Lake of Motihari (Bihar), J. Ecobiol.,3(1), 59-63 (1991)
  8. Prasad B.B., Eqbal Md. Zahid and Ahmad Nasi, Biochemical parameters of soil of a sewage effected river of Himalayan region in relation to fish mortality, Nat. Env. Poll. Tech.,4(2), 303-306 (2005)
  9. Srivastava K.P. and Singh V.K., Impact of air-pollution on pH of soil of Saran, Bihar, India, Res. J. Recent Sci., 1(4), 9-13 (2012)
  10. Ladwani K.D., Ladwani Krishna D., Manik V. and Ramteke D. S., Impact of industrial effluent discharge on physico-chemical characteristics of agricultural soil, I. Res. J. Environment Sci. 1(3), 32-36 (2012)
  11. Allison L.F., Walkley and Black Methods. In C.A. Black (Ed.) ‘Methods of Soil Analysis, Part-2’. Agronomy No. 9. Amer. Soc. Agron. Madison, Wisconsin, USA (1965)
  12. Tucker B.B. and Kurtz L.T., Calcium and magnesium determinations by EDTA Titrations, J. Amer. Soc. Soil. Sci.,25, 27-29 (1961)
  13. Moyle J.B., Some indices on lake productivity, Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc., 76, 322-334 (1946)
  14. Magizharasan M. and Indra, Chemical parameters of rural pond at Thillaividangan in South Arcot district, Environ and Ecol, 15(4), 869-873 (1977)