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Diversity of Endemic and Threatened Ethnomedicinal Plant Species in Meghalaya, North-East India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Environmental Studies, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong-793022, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Basic Sciences and Social Sciences, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong-793022, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (12), Pages 64-78, December,22 (2014)


Plants play a vital role in the healthcare of the local tribal people in Meghalaya. A number of species are used for curing a wide range of ailments. Traditional remedies are part of the cultural and spiritual life of these people. The objective of the study was to evaluate the diversity and role of endemic and threatened plant species in ethnomedicine. A total of 131 species, including 36 endemic and 113 species under different threat categories were found. This includes 73 and 46 species that falls under different degrees of threats at regional and global levels respectively. The life form of these plants can be arranged in the order of trees&


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