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Application of Hydrological and Limnological studies on Building Model for Water circulation of Meromictic Black Water Lakes at the Central Amazonia, Brazil

Author Affiliations

  • 1Laboratório de Estudo de Ecossistemas Amazônicos, Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará, Pará, BRASIL
  • 2Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia. Av. André Araújo 2936, Manaus, AM 69060-001 BRAZIL
  • 3Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal do Pará. Av. Augusto Corrêa n. 1, Campus Guamá, 66075-100 Pará, BRASIL

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (7), Pages 58-63, July,22 (2013)


In the last decade, hydrological and limnological studies were conducted in a black-water lake aiming to develop a model of water circulation to meromictic lakes from Negro River basin at the Brazilian Central Amazonian. Parameters as temperature, euphotic zone (Zeu), attenuation coefficient (K), density, oxygen and morphometry were measured daily. Zeuand K proved somewhat constant throughout the hydrological year. In the low waters periods were observed a theoretical mean residence time of water of about 150 days. The meromixis condition was observed with continuous physical and chemical stratification in all hydrological cycle, showing a hypolimnion very defined. The thermal stability was explained by the distinction densities between upper and lower strata, with bottom water flux from forest-rivers. The morphometry of the lake and presence of a flooded forest surrounding, were important factors in reducing wind action on the water column, reducing the effect of stimulating the circulation and stratification process.


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