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Soil characterization and rehabilitation of catchment area around Ghora Katora Lake in Rajgir City, Bihar, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Laboratory of Environment and Biotechnology, Department of Botany, Patna Science College, Patna University, Patna 800005, India
  • 2Laboratory of Environment and Biotechnology, Department of Botany, Patna Science College, Patna University, Patna 800005, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 10, Issue (1), Pages 1-6, January,22 (2021)

Abstract

Monitoring of Land Use Changes (LUCs) of the site named Ghora Katora lake in Rajgir city ( Bihar, India at25 0101N and 85 29 51E) found three types of soils that are Red, light brown and Dark brown soils. All are sandy and highly alkaline with deficient in moisture. Red soil is very much deficient in macronutrient such as phosphorus (0.36%) and total organic carbon (TOC) (0.75%). Light brown and dark brown soils are also deficient in macronutrients contents. Micronutrients like manganese, copper and zinc are present in sufficient quantity in all three types of soils, although red soil has toxic level of manganese and copper. Presence of toxic element like chromium and arsenic are also found in soils. Quantitative assessment of LUCs have drawn picture of degraded quality of soil, so there is immense need for the rehabilitation of damaged soil and hence recommendations are proposed.

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