International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Association of Linear body Measurements with growth traits in Harnali Sheep

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, 125004, India
  • 2Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, 125004, India
  • 3Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, 125004, India
  • 4Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, 125004, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 5, Issue (9), Pages 55-58, September,10 (2016)


Crossbreeding of native sheep with exotic breeds has been in practice since long to bring about improvement in both wool and mutton production. Harnali is a new synthetic strain of sheep developed for superior carpet wool and better growth. The present investigation was undertaken to study association of linear body measurements with growth in Harnali sheep. Data on 349 Harnali animals pertaining to nine linear body measurements and four growth traits were analysed using mixed linear model with sex, period of birth and dam’s age at lambing as fixed effects and sire as random effect. The period of birth had significant effect on all traits except HG, PG, TL, EL and EW. The effect of sex was found significant on all linear body measurements and growth traits except EL and EW. Dam’s age at lambing was found non-significant on all traits under study. However, dam’s weight at lambing significantly influenced all traits. Heritability estimates for various body measurements and growth traits were moderate to high ranging from 0.30±0.13 to 0.76±18 indicating the scope of improvement in body dimensions and growth performance of Harnali sheep. The phenotypic correlations among body measurements and growth traits were quite varying ranging from 0.01±0.01 to 0.40±0.05. Moderate and positive phenotypic correlations ranging between 0.22±0.05 and 0.31±0.06 were found between BL, BH, HG, PG, HC and FL with six month and yearly body weight of Harnali sheep. Moderate to high genetic correlations (0.16±0.19 to 0.42±0.16) were observed between BL, HG and HC with six month and yearly body weight. It was concluded that positive genetic correlations of some linear body measurements with body weight of Harnali animals indicate the scope of improvement in growth performance through selection based on body dimensions of Harnali sheep.


  1. National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (2015)., Animal Genetic Resources., NBAGR, Karnal, Haryana.
  2. Sehrawat V. (2005)., Studies on genetic architecture of the synthetic sheep population., M.V.Sc. Thesis, College of Animal Sciences, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar , Haryana, India.
  3. Pesmen G. and Yardimci M. (2008)., Estimating the live weight using somebody measurements in Saanen goats., Achiva Zootech., 11, 30-40.
  4. Afolayan R.A., Adeyinka I.A. and Lakpini C.A.M. (2006)., The estimation of live weight from body measurements in Yankasa sheep., Czech J. of Anim. Sci., 51, 343-348.
  5. Yakubu A. (2009)., Fixing collinearity instability in the estimation of body weight from morpho-biometrical traits of West African Dwarf goats., Trak. J. of Sci., 7, 61-66.
  6. Komlosi I. (2008)., Genetic Parameters for growth traits of the Hungarian merino and meat sheep breeds in Hungary., Applied Ecology and Environmental Research., 6, 77-84.
  7. Gamasaee V.A., Hafezian S.H., Ahamdi A., Baneh H., Farhadi A. and Mohamadi A. (2010)., Estimation of genetic parameters for body weight at different ages in Mehraban sheep., African Journal of Biotechnology., 9, 5218-5223.
  8. Islam M.R., Saadullah A.R., Howlider and Huq M.A. (1991)., Estimation of live weight and dressed carcass weight from different body measurements in goats., J. Anim. Sci., 61, 460-461.
  9. Otoikhian C.S.O., Otoikhian A.M., Akporhuarho O.P. and Isidahoman C. (2008)., Correlation of body weight and somebody measurement parameters in Quda sheep under extensive management system., Afr. J. Gen. Agric., 4, 129-133.
  10. Harvey W.R. (1990)., Mixed model least squares and maximum likehood computer program., Versao PC-1.
  11. Swiger L.A., Harvey W.R., Everson D.O. and Gregory K.E. (1964)., The variance of interclass correlation involving groups with one observation., Biometrics., 20, 818-826.
  12. Robertson A. (1959)., The sampling variation of genetic correlation coefficient., Biometrics., 15, 469-485.
  13. Snedecor G.W. and Cocharan W.G. (1968)., Statistical methods., Oxford & IBH Publ. Co. New Delhi, India.
  14. Balasubramanyam D., Raja T.V., Kumarasamy P. and Sivaselvam S.N. (2012)., Estimation of genetic parameter and trends for body weight traits in Madras Red sheep., The Indian Journal of Small Ruminants., 18,173-179.
  15. Petrovic M.P., Petrovic V.C., Muslic R.D., Ilić Z., Spasić Z., Stojković J. and Makshimovic N. (2012)., Genetic and phenotypic of the body measured traits in Merinolandschaf breed of sheep., Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry., 28, 733-741.
  16. Jafari S. and Hashemi A. (2014)., Estimation of genetic parameters for body measurements and their association with yearling liveweight in the Makuie sheep breed., S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 44, 141-147.
  17. Chopra A., Prince L.L.L., Gowane G.R. and Arora A.L. (2010)., Influence of genetic and non-genetic factors on growth profile of Bharat Merino sheep in semi-arid region of Rajasthan., Indian Journal of Animal Sciences., 80(4), 376-378.
  18. Abbasi M.A. and Ghafouri-Kesbi F. (2011)., Genetic co (variance) components for body weight and body measurements in Makooei sheep., Asian–Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 24, 739-743.
  19. Çilek S. and Gotoh T. (2014)., Effects of Dam Age Lamb Gender, and Singleton or Twin Status on Body Size of Malya Lambs in Middle Anatolia, Turkey., J. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ., 59(2), 313-320.
  20. Singh H., Pannu U., Narula H.K., Chopra A. and Murdia C.K. (2013)., Influence of genetic and non-genetic factors on pre-weaning growth in Marwari sheep., The Indian Journal of Small Ruminants., 19(2), 142-145.
  21. Waheed A., Khan M.S., Ali S. and Sarwar M. (2011)., Estimation of growth curve parameters in Beetal goats., Arch. Tierzucht., 54, 287-296.
  22. Fadare A.O., Peters S.O., Adedeji T. A. and Ozoje M.O. (2014)., Genetic and phenotypic parameter estimates of body morphometric traits of West African dwarf lambs in a humid tropical environment., Tropical Agriculture., 91(3), 165.
  23. Rashidi A. (2013)., Genetic parameter estimates of body weight traits in Iran-Black sheep., Journal of Livestock Science and Technologies., 1(1), 50-56.
  24. Miraei-Ashtiani S.R., Seyedalian A.R. and Moradi - shahrbabak M. (2007)., Variance components and heritabilities for body weight traits in Sangsari sheep, using univariate and multivariate animal models., Small Rumin. Res., 73, 109-114.
  25. Ganeshan R., Dhanavanthan P., Balasubramanyam D., Kumarasamy P. and Kiruthika. (2013)., Estimation of genetic parameters of growth traits in Madras Red sheep., Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science., 3, 69-73.
  26. Cam M.A., Olfaz M. and Soydan E. (2010)., Body measurements reflect body weights and carcass yields in Karayaka sheep., Asian Journal Animal and Veterinary Advances., 5, 120-127.
  27. Iyiola-Tunji A.O., Olugbemi T.S., Ali A.O. and Ojo O.A. (2011)., Inter-relationship between body measurements and price of sheep in an open market in Kano State., Animal Production., 13(1), 64-68.