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Anaemia a Health Burden among Rural Adolescent Girls in District Karnal: Prevalence and Coorelates

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Home Science, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 4, Issue (7), Pages 34-41, July,10 (2015)


Adolescence, a critical segment of society considered to be a most nutritionally vulnerable group. In developing countries adolescence anaemia is reported as greatest nutritional problem. Adolescence anaemia have significant impact on health outcomes at a later stage of life. Nutritional anaemia in adolescent girls have an adverse effect on learning ability, productivity, well-being and resistance to diseases. Anaemia during adolescence is associated with foetal wastage, prenatal mortality, increased incidence of low birth weight babies, increased maternal mortality and subsequent high infertility rates. Hence, an effort has been made in the present study to highlight the problem of anaemia in adolescents and to study the dietary and other factors in its aetiology. Two hundred fifty rural school going adolescent girls (13-15 yrs.) of low socio economic background were randomly selected from rural areas of district Karnal, Haryana, India. Very high anaemia pervasiveness (88%) with various grades was observed in the present research. Most of the girls (53.18%) were vegetarian and one half of the respondents were consuming two meals per day. Only one third of the subjects were in the habit of taking packed lunch in routine and maximum respondents (73.63%) were in the habit of keeping fast. Skipping of meals was common among three fourth of the subjects. Most of the subjects complained of anorexia, headache and breathlessness on exertion, lethargic feeling, pale conjunctiva, pale skin and flat nails. The present study also revealed dietary inadequacies particularly in respect of protein, energy, calcium and all micro nutrients (iron, beta-carotene, folic acid) except vitamin C. A positive significant (p0.05) correlation was observed between haemoglobin and various daily dietary intake of blood forming nutrients. The present study implicit the prominence of including adolescent girls in the risk group as controlling anaemia among adolescent girls (vulnerable group) could significantly reduce infant and maternal morbidity thus improving family, community and national socioeconomic development.


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