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A system thinking approach to develop higher order thinking skills of student teachers

Author Affiliations

  • 1Mahatma Junior College of Education, Chembur, Mumbai, India

Res. J.Educational Sci., Volume 10, Issue (1), Pages 6-9, August,1 (2022)


Development of Higher order thinking skills (HOTS) is a vital objective of higher education. It is an important skill to be achieved in the 21st century teaching learning process. It extends beyond simple memorisation to diverse cognitive processes such as exploring consequences, reviewing options, monitoring progress, making judgements, generating ideas etc. The present study involved use of a system thinking approach to develop Higher Order thinking skills in student teachers. The experimental method involved a sample consisted of 74 student teachers at Diploma Level. The experimental group was given intervention using the System Thinking Instructional Module, while the control group was taught by conventional method. A researcher made tool was used to measure the achievement of higher order thinking skills. The findings revealed that the System Thinking Instructional Module has improved the post test scores of HOTS of the experimental group, whereas the conventional teaching method did not show any significant difference in the post test scores of HOTS of the control group. Also, it was seen that the post test scores of HOTS did not show any significant difference with respect to stream at entry level and mental ability of student teachers. The findings suggest that a system thinking based programme should be made part of the teacher education at Diploma Level.


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