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Appraisal of incrustation and corrosive properties of groundwater in industrial belt of Bonai Area, Odisha, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Geology, M.P.C. Autonomous College, Baripada, Orissa, India

Int. Res. J. Earth Sci., Volume 5, Issue (7), Pages 17-20, August,25 (2017)


The present paper aims at assessing the incrustation and corrosive properties of ground water for industrial uses in mining belts of Bonai area. The quality requirement for water used in the mining industry is highly variable, depending on the stage at which it is required i.e. whether during mining, flotation, leaching, smelting or refining operations or for water supply to industrial township. Many mining and mineral based industries are located in the study area. The study indicates that on the basis of criteria such as pH, EC, HCO3-, Cl-, SO42- and Fe2+ etc. 76.27% of water have corrosive properties and 21.43% of water have incrusting property. On the basis of Langelier Index 85.59% of ground water is generally corrosive. Only 10.17% of water have incrusting property and 4.24% of waters are neither corrosive nor incrusting. The water will have adverse effects on mine machinery, Iron pipes, casing pipes of tube well etc. Hence, the following remedial measures are to be taken to control or prevent the incrustation and corrosion. Treatment of incrusting materials with HCl, Chlorine and dispersing agents like Sodium hexa-metaphosphate Na(PO3)6. Use of corrosion resistant materials like brass, stainless steel, PVC material and epoxy-banded fiber glass and application of protective coating to metal parts.


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