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Rehabilitation of degraded Jhum land of Assam (India) through plantation of selected bamboo species and explore their potentiality towards carbon sequestration

Author Affiliations

  • 1Silviculture and Forest Management Division, Rain Forest Research Institute, Jorhat, Assam, India
  • 2Silviculture and Forest Management Division, Rain Forest Research Institute, Jorhat, Assam, India
  • 3Silviculture and Forest Management Division, Rain Forest Research Institute, Jorhat, Assam, India

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 9, Issue (2), Pages 18-26, April,8 (2021)


A study was conducted in selected sites of degraded shifting cultivation land under Nilip and Rongmongwe Block of Karbi Anglong district, Assam. Bamboo plantation was raised from rhizome and seedling in two different spacing regimes i.e. 5mx5m and 6.6mx6.6m. Number of newly emerged shoots raised from both rhizome and seedlings was recorded in every year. Gfjud Culm emergence was found to be considerably more in B. tulda followed by B. nutans and B. balcooa and was recorded comparatively low in seedling origin plantation Progressive growth data showed rapid increase of newly emerged culm upto one year and after that the growth was slow. Significantly low growth was observed in seedling origin plantation. Maximum growth was observed in B. balcooa followed by B. tulda and B. nutans. No significant difference of growth was noticed due to spacing. Progressive increment of biomass production showed significant increase with age of plantation. B. tulda scored highest value of biomass production (254.30tha-1) followed by B. balcooa (174.19tha-1) and B nutans (149.84tha-1) in four year plantation. Percentage of plant carbon as well as total biomass carbon stock (tC/ha) increase with increase in age of the plant. Low value of biomass carbon was recorded in seedling origin plantation. B. tulda recorded highest biomass carbon stock (8894.12tC/ha) followed by B. balcooa (5982.79tC/ha) and B nutans (3587.23tC/ha). In B. tulda biomass carbon stock was comparatively more at 5mx5m spacing (8894.12tC/ha) than 6.6mx6.6m spacing (6984.21tC/ha) but in other two species no significant difference was noticed. Soil organic carbon stock was recorded maximum in B. tulda (1025.7tC ha-1) and least in B. nutans (782.3tC ha-1) in rhizome plantation of 6.6mx6.6m spacing. Same trend was noticed in seedling plantation also. Comparative assessment of total carbon stock reveals that B. tulda plantation showed highest value of carbon stock (9857.52tC ha-1) and (2567.56tC ha-1) raised from rhizome and seedlings respectively. Least value was observed in B. nutans. Therefore, it can be assumed that B. tulda has potential in terms of carbon sequestration and can be suggested for large scale plantation for rehabilitation of jhum land as well as to mitigate global warming.


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