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Effect of poultry manure on some soil physicochemical and biological properties

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering, Federal College of Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 2Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering, Federal College of Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 3Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering, Federal College of Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 4Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering, Federal College of Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 5Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering, Federal College of Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 6Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering, Federal College of Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 7Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Federal College of Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 11, Issue (2), Pages 9-20, July,8 (2023)


Three different poultry wastes (Broiler, Layer, and Cockerel) were used in a controlled chamber at the Federal College of Agriculture in Ibadan to study the impact of poultry manure on specific soil properties. The soil samples were obtained from the teaching and research farm at the Institute of Agricultural Research and Training in Moor Plantation, Ibadan. The soil samples were ground and sieved after being air dried. Four buckets, A, B, C, and D, were filled with 7.0 kg of soil each, and 2.0 kg of various poultry wastes from broilers, layers, and cockerels were mixed in with the soil samples already present in the four buckets. For each sample, buckets A, B, C, and D - designated as broiler waste soil, layer waste soil, cockerel waste soil, and control soil were reproduced four times. In order to ensure that the trash gets absorbed into the soil, 75cl of distilled water was added to each bucket after the application of the wastes. After that, the samples were taken to a lab for an analysis of various soil qualities. To determine the fundamental characteristics of soil and the textural class of the soil sample used for the experiment, pre-soil analysis of the used samples was first conducted. According to the results of a one-way analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA), there are significant differences between the three soil samples containing poultry waste and the control sample without waste in terms of bulk density, particle density, and porosity (F = 336.759, 12.605, and 592.713, respectively; df = 15, P<0.05). The three samples containing poultry manure and the control sample with no waste, however, did not differ significantly in terms of moisture content, DO, BOD5, COD, or pH (F = 0.006, 0.157, 0.002, 2.116, and 0.282, respectively; df = 15, P 0.05). With the post hoc test for multiple comparisons, three waste samples (Broiler, Layer, and Cockerel) were likewise found to be statistically different for bulk density and porosity at P<0.05, while broiler and layer waste samples were both found to be significantly different for particle density. With the exception of bulk density, where broiler waste has the biggest influence, and pH, where layer waste likewise has the highest effect, it can be concluded that the application of poultry wastes has a considerable impact on the soil qualities.


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