International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Emission Characteristics of Pongamia Pinnata (Karanja) Biodiesel and Its Blending up to 100% in a C.I. Engine

Author Affiliations

  • 1Sardar Patel College of Engineering, Mumbai, MS, INDIA
  • 22Vidyavardhini College of Engineering and Technology, Mumbai, MS, INDIA
  • 3Indian Biodiesel Corporation, Baramati, Above Sh. Malojiraje Co-op. Bank, Tal- Baramati, Dist- Pune, MS, INDIA

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 1, Issue (7), Pages 1-5, August,8 (2013)


Import dependence for oil in India which is about 70 per cent is likely to increase further. The study is initiated to invest igate the potential of Karanja oil as a source of biodiesel. Biodiesel is an alternative fuel made from renewable biological resources such as vegetable oil and animal fat. It is completely biodegradable and non - toxic. Main objectives of the study are feasibility of Karanja oil for the production of biodiesel optimization of different parameters fo r high yield /conversion of Karanja oil to biodiesel. This survey presents the suitability of Pongamia Pinnata (karanja) as a source of renewable fuel substituting petrodiesel in CI engine. The fuel properties of esterified karanja oil and its blend with diesel fuel at different proportions are studied including engine tests. The straight karanja oil blend upto 25% with the petrodiesel meets the standard specification. However blending of this oil with petrodiesel upto 20% (by volume) can be used safely in a conventional CI engine without any engine modification that could help in controlling air pollution.


  1. Meher L.C., Naik S.N. and Das L.M., Methanolysis ofPongamia pinnata (Karanja) oil for production of biodiesel, Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 63, 913-918(2004)
  2. S. Sundarapandian, Devaradjane G., Performance andEmission Analysis of Bio Diesel Operated CI Engine, Journal of Engineering, computing and Architecture, 1(2)1934-7197 (2007)
  3. Robert G. Pereria, Exhaust Emissions and Electric EnergyGeneration in a Stationary Engine Using Blends of Dieseland Soyabean Biodiesel, Renewable Energy, 32, 2453-2460(2007)
  4. American and European Biodiesel Quality Standards,ASTM D-6751, EuroFuelTech (2005)
  5. Nagarhalli M.V., Nandedkar V.M., Mohite K.C., EmissionAnd Performance Characteristics Of Karanja Biodiesel AndIts Blends In A C.I. Engine And Itís economics, ARPNJournal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 5(2),ISSN1819-6608 (2010)
  6. Yadav J.Y., Rathod P.P., Prof. Sorathiya A.S., BiodieselPreparation From Karanja Oil : An Overview, InternationalJournal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies,2249Ė8974 (2009)
  7. Vivek and Gupta A.K., , Biodiesel Production from KaranjaOil, Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, (63), 39-47 (2004)
  8. Stalin N. and Prabhu H.J., Performance Test of IC EngineUsing Karanja Biodiesel Blending with Diesel, ARPNJournal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2(5), (2007)
  9. Krishna Reddy, Shiva Shankar M., Apparao K., Experimental Determination Of Brake Thermal EfficiencyAnd Brake Specific Fuel Consumption Of Diesel Engine Fuelled With Bio-Diesel, International Journal ofEngineering and Technology, 2(5), 305-309 (2010)
  10. Mamilla V.R., Mallikarjun M.V. and Lakshmi NarayanaRao G., Preparation of Biodiesel from Karanja Oil, International Journal of Energy Engineering, DOI10.5963/IJEE0102008, (2010)
  11. Konthe G., Analyzing Biodiesel: Standards and OtherMethods, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 83, 823-833 (2006)
  12. Konthe G., Structures indices in FA chemistry, Howrelevant is the iodine value?, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 9, 847-853 (2002)
  13. Shrivastava A. and Prasad R., Triglycerides based dieselfuel, Renew sust, Oil Energy Rev., 4, 111-113 (2000)
  14. Fegue R.O. and Gross A.T., Modification Of VegetableOils VII Alkali Catalyzes Interesterification of Peanut oilWith Ethanol, J. Am. Oil. Chem. Soc., 97, 26930 (1949)
  15. Hass and Scott, J.Am. Oil Chem. Soc, 73, 1393 (1999)
  16. Dembris A., Biodiesel fuels from vegetable oils viacatalytic andnon-catalytic supercritical alcoholtransesterification and other methods, A Survey EnergyConservation and Management, 44, 2093-2109, (2003)
  17. Raheman H. and Phadatare A.G., Karanja esterified oil analternative renewable fuel for diesel engines in controllingair pollution, Bioenergy News, 7(3), 17-23 (2003)18. http // en. Wikipedia org / wiki / file : Generic-BiodieselReaction1.gif(2012)
  18. Bobade S.N.and Khyade V.B., Detail study on theProperties of Pongamia Pinnata (Karanja) for theProduction of Biofuel, Research Journal of Chem. Sci, 2(7),16-20, (2012)
  19. Bobade S.N.and Khyade V.B., Preperation of methyl ester(Biodiesel) from karanja (pongamia pinnata) oil, ResearchJournal of Chem. Sci, 2(8), 43-50 (2012)