International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Conversion of Industrial Waste into Agro Wealth by Eisenia foetida

Author Affiliations

  • 1DVR & DR. HS MIC College of Technology, Kanchikacherla, A.P., INDIA

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 1, Issue (1), Pages 11-16, February,8 (2013)


Organic waste is extensively increasing with increased human population, intensive agriculture and industrialization. The disposal of waste has become important for a healthy quality of environment. The conversion of waste into beneficial materials is an important aspect of resource through recycling and environmental cleaning. The recycling of wastes through vermi composting, reduces problems of disposal of wastes. From the present work with composting efficiency earthworms such as Eisenia foetida was selected for Sugar and Sago waste. This waste was mixed with dry cow dung in 1:1 ratio and applied a number of physico chemical parameters such as bulk density, moisture content, specific gravity etc., and analyzed in the worm treated and worm untreated substrate. The result shows the Sugar and Sago waste were converted into vermi compost by earthworm Eisenia foetida, is the best economic in waste conditions and compare to Sago press mud and sugar waste. It has the best composting efficiency and the composting time is also very fast.


  1. Balamurugan V., Gobi M and Vijayalakshmi G.S., Comparative studies on degradation of pressmud usingcelllostic fungi and Exotic species of earthworms with anote on its Gut Microflora, Asian J. of Micobiol.Env.Sci.Biotech, 3(4), 131-134 (1999)
  2. Sekhar J.,, Ethanic information and treatments forSnakebites in Kadapa District of Andhra Pradesh, LifeScience Leaflets, (12), 368-375 (2011)
  3. Kadam S.S. and Tiwari L.R., Zooplankton Composition inDahanu Creek-West Coast of India, Research Journal ofRecent Sciences., 1(5), 62-65 (2012)
  4. Goswami A.P. and Mankodi P.C., Study on Zooplanktonof Fresh Water Reservoir Nyari – II Rajkot district, Gujarat, India, ISCA Journal of Biological Sciences, 1(1),30-34 (2012)
  5. Kale, Neem leaves as a source of fertilizer-cm-pesticidevermicompost, Eco. Env. And cons, 10(3), 1-5 (1998)
  6. Abraham W.R., Megacities as Sources for PathogenicBacteria in Rivers, Inter. J. Micro (2011)
  7. Sharma S. and Thakur N., Study on Self-Medication andSelf Diet-Management by Women of Indore City, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, (1) 354-356 (2012)
  8. Satchell. J.E. and, Kyla Martin Phosphatase activity inEarthworm faeces, Soil Bio, Biochem., 16(2), 191-194(1984)
  9. Estevez B.N., Dayegamiye A. and Coderre D., The effecton earthworm abundance and selected soil properties after14 years of solid cattle manure and NPK Mg fertilizerapplication, Can. J. Soil. Sci., (6) 355-357 (1996)
  10. Kang. B.T. and Ojo A., Nutrient availability of earthwormcasts collected from under selected woody agro forestryspecies, Plant and soil, 178, 118-199 (1998)
  11. Tiwari S.C., Tiwari B.K. and Mishra R.R., Microbialpoplations, enzyme activities and nitrogen phosphorouspotassium enrichment in earthworms casts and in thesurrounding soil of a pineapple plantation, Bio.Fertile.Soils., (8), 178-182 (1989)
  12. Agarwal S.K., vermicomposting, In Kl Bhushan NAngiaA.P.H. Publishing corporation (Ed), Ecoinformatics wealthfrom waste, (3), 239-249 (2002)
  13. Scheu. S., Microbial activity and nutrient dynamics inearthworm casts (Lumbricidae), Bio fertile soils, (5), 230-234 (1987)
  14. Daniel O. and S.M., Andeson Micobial Biomass andactivity in contrasting soil materials after passage throughthe gut of the Earthworm Lumbricus, Rubellus Hoffmoister, Soil.Bio, Biochem., 24(5), 465-470 (1992)
  15. Jones, L.A. E.M. Rutledge H.D., Scott D.C. wolf and B.J.Teppen, Effects of two earthworms species on movementof septic tank effluent through soil colmns, J.Environ.Qual., 22, 52-57 (1993)
  16. Kelvin R. Butt, Utilization of solid paper-mill sludge andspend Brewery yeast as a feed for soil, dwellingearthworms, Bio resource technology, 44, 105-107 (1993)
  17. Trivedi P.R. and Gunleep Raj, Effect of paper mills wastewater on soil, crops and earthworms, AkashdeepPublishing House (Ed), Encyclopedia of EnvionmentalScience, 364-393 (1993)
  18. Parle J.N., A microbiological study of earthworm casts, Jr.Gen.Microbiol, 31, 13-2 (1983)
  19. Umamaheswari S., Evaluation of paper mill solid wastedegradation efficiency of three different species ofearthworms and worm cast analysis, Bio. Res. Technology,14(5), 154-160 (2003)
  20. Mehta J., Dhaker J.K., Kavia A., Sen P., Kaushal N., DattaS., I. Res. J. Biological Sci., 1(4), 12-16 (2012)
  21. Bharti N. and Katyal D., Water quality indices used forsurface water vulnerability assessment, Inter. j. Envir. Sci.,2(1), 154 (2011)
  22. Lazcano Cristina; Gómez-Brandón, María; Domínguez,Jorge, Comparison of the effectiveness of composting andvermicomposting for the biological stabilization of cattlemanure, (PDF). Chemosphere 72(7), 1013–1019 (2008)
  23. Grant, Tim; Littlejohn, Gail Teaching Green, The MiddleYears. Gabriola Island, B.C.: New Society Publishers, 121(2004)
  24. Map of vermicomposters (2012)
  25. Barrett, Janice Putting Worms to Work (PDF), HolsteinWorld (2012)
  26. Trautmann, Nancy, Invertebrates of the Compost Pile,Cornell Center for the Environment (2012)
  27. Lotzof, M. Very Large Scale Vermiculture in SludgeStabilisation, Vermitech Pty Limited (2003)