International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Arsenic Accumulation in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Genotype of India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Eco-Auditing Group, National Botanical Research Institute, Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow, 226001, INDIA
  • 2Baba Saheb Bhim Rao Ambedkar University, Vidhya Vihar, Rai Bareilly Road, Lucknow, 226025, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 4, Issue (11), Pages 45-50, November,18 (2014)


Rice is prone to arsenic accumulation due to its cultivation in water logging condition favouring arsenic mobility. Arsenic in rice depends on its availability due to its irrigation with arsenic contaminated water. Therefore it is necessary to resolving this human health risk. Screening of rice genotypes with low arsenic accumulation is considered as the most reasonable and effective approach. The present study was done on arsenic accumulation in common rice genotypes grown in hydroponic medium. All rice seeds were germinated and grown in presence of two concentration of arsenic 50΅M and 250΅M with control. The results revealed that arsenic concentration in all the genotype increased significantly (p<0.05) with increase in arsenic treatment. According to results Ndr359 genotype accumulated highest concentration of arsenic and swarnsub1 accumulated low arsenic. All the twenty rice genotypes were ranked with respect to their As tolerance index: Ndr3>Sarj>Swarn>Brh5>Laxm>Hkr4>Bg90>Jkrh>Pr11>Nk33>Mtu7>Suru>Ndr8>Pant>Sarb>Ndr9>Bpt5> Tcs5>Nare>Pb01. The results revealed that LARG is the most appropriate to grow in arsenic contaminated region of India.


  1. Wang Z.G., He H.Y., Yan Y.L., Wu C.Y., Yang Y. and Gao X.Y., Arsenic exposure of residents in areas near Shimen arsenic mine., J. Environ. Health, 16, 4–6 (1999)
  2. Xie Z.M., Liao M. and Huang C.Y., Effects of arsenic pollution on plants and human health and counter measures, Guangdong Trace Element Science, 17–21 (1997)
  3. Visoottiviseth P., Francesconi K. and Sridokchan W. The potential of Thai indigenous plant species for the phytoremediation of arsenic contaminated land, Environ Poll, 118, 453–461(2002)
  4. O’Neill P. Arsenic., In Alloway, B.J. (Ed.), Heavy Metals in Soils., 105–121 (1995)
  5. Smedley P.L. and Kinniburgh D.G., A review of the source, behaviour and distribution of arsenic in natural waters, Appl Geochemis, 17, 517–568 (2002)
  6. Banerjee D.M., Some comments on the source of arsenic in the Bengal Deltaic sediments. In: Bhattacharya, P., Welch, A.H. (Eds.), Arsenic in groundwater of sedimentary aquifers. 31st International geological congress, Rio de Janerio, Brazil, 15–17 (2000)
  7. Chakraborti A.K. and Das D.K., Arsenic pollution and its environmental significance, Interacad.1: J.272. 262–276 (1997)
  8. Fazal M.A., Kawachi T. and Ichio E., Validity of the latest research findings on causes of groundwater arsenic contamination in Bangladesh, Water Internat,26(2), 380–389 (2001)
  9. Hopenhayn C., Arsenic in drinking water : Impact on human health, Elements,2, 103–107 (2006)
  10. Smith A.H., Lingas E.O. and Rahman M., Contamination of drinking water by arsenic in Bangladesh: A public health emergency, Bulletin of the World Health Organization,78(9), 1093–1103 (2000)
  11. Nickson R., McArthur J., Burgess W. and Ahmed K.M., Ravenscroft P, Rahman M. Arsenic poisoning of Bangladesh ground water, Nature, 395- 338 (1998)
  12. Nickson R.T., McArthur J.M., Ravenscroft P., Burgess W.G. and Ahmed K.M., Mechanism of arsenic release to groundwater, Bangladesh and West Bengal, Applied Geochemistry,15, 403–413 (2000)
  13. Stone R., Arsenic and paddy rice a neglected cancer risk, Nature,321, 184–185 (2008)
  14. D’Ilio S., Alessandrelli M. and Cresti R. et al, Arsenic content of various types of rice as determined by plasma-based techniques, Microchemi. J., 73, 195–201(2002)
  15. Islam M.R., Jahiruddin M., Rahman G.K.M.M., Miah M.A.M., Farid A.T.M., Panaullah G.M., Loeppert R.H., Duxbury J.M. and Meisner C.A., Assessment of arsenic in the water-soil-plant systems in gangetic flood plains of Bangladesh, Asian J of Plant Sci, 489-493(2004)
  16. Meharg A. A., Arsenic in rice - understanding a new disaster for South-East Asia, Trends in Plant Sci,, 415–417 (2004)
  17. Ohno K., Yanase T., Matsuo Y., Kimura T., Rahman M.H., Magara Y. and Matsui Y., Arsenic intake via water and food by a population living in an arsenic-affected area of Bangladesh, Sci of the Total Envi, 381, 68-76 (2007)
  18. Abedin M.J. and Meharg A.A., Relative toxicity of arsenite and arsenate on germination and early seedling growth of rice (Oryza sativa L.), Plant Soil, 243, 57–66 (2002)
  19. Abedin M.J., Feldman J. and Meharg A.A., Uptake kinetics of arsenic species in rice plants, Plant Physio, 128:1120–1128 (2002)
  20. Morgan A.J., Evan M., Winters C., Gane M and Davies M.S., Assaying the effect of chemical ameliaorents with earthworms and plants exposed to a heavily polluted metalliferous soil, Euro J of Soil Biol.,38, 323-327 (2002)
  21. Marin A.R., Masscheleyn P.H. and Patrick W.H., The influence of chemical form and concentration of arsenic on rice growth and tissue arsenic concentration, Plant Soil139, 175–183(1992)
  22. Marin A. R., Pezeshki S.R., Masschelen P.H. and Choi H.S., Effect of dimethylarsenic acid (DMAA) on growth, tissue arsenic, and photosynthesis of rice plants, J of Plant Nutri, 16, 865–880 (1993)
  23. Xie Z.M., Liao M., Huang C.Y., Effects of arsenic pollution on plants and human health and counter measures, Guangdong Trace Element Science, 17–21 (1997)
  24. Wilkins D.A., The measurement of tolerance to edaphic factors by means of root growth, New Phyto., 136, 481-488 (1978)