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Assessment of Heavy Metal Distribution in Groundwater in and around Gulf of Mannar Seashore Area Using GIS Technique

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept of Chemistry, Mohamed Sathak AJ College of Engineering, Siruseri, Chennai-603103, INDIA
  • 2School of Chemistry, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai – 625 021, INDIA
  • 3Dept of Chemistry, Sriram Engineering College, Veppampattu RS, Chennai-602024, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 4, Issue (1), Pages 9-16, January,18 (2014)


The present study was carried out to analyze the heavy metal level of 25 bore and duck wells located at the different localities in and around Gulf of Manner seashore area during the period of pre monsoon, monsoon and post monsoon seasons. Arsenic (As), Manganese (Mn), Zinc (Zn), Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Copper (Cu), Mercury (Hg) and Lead (Pb) concentrations in groundwater were analyzed by Atomic absorption spectrometer. The results were compared with drinking water standard prescribed by WHO, BIS, ICMR and FAO. This study shows that most of samples has high concentration of heavy metals (exceeds maximum permissible limit). A slight increment in concentration of individual metals is produced in summer season than in winter season. This study shows that all samples contains high concentrations of Hg, Pb and Mn above the maximum permissible limits as prescribed by WHO, BIS, ICMR and FAO. The spatial distributions of heavy metal in ground water were taken to Geological Information System (GIS). In Arc GIS, spatial distribution maps were prepared for the above analyzed heavy metals.


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