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Spectro-Chemical Characterization of Rangpur (Sabjibari) Soil Fractions of Bangladesh

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, BANGLADESH

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 3, Issue (9), Pages 10-17, September,18 (2013)


Rangpur (Sabjibari) soil was fractionated to three different fractions as sand (≥140 µm), silt (53~140µm) and clay (≤53µm) based on particle size using hydrometer method. These three fractions were characterized by LIBS (Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy), XRD (X-Ray diffraction) and FT-IR (Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy). pHzpc (Zero point charge pH) of clay and silt were also determined by titrimetric method. According to the results of LIBS Fe, Si, Cu, and Na are present in all fractions with different oxidation state. Ti is the only element which is present in clay fraction. XRD analysis indicates that d-values of the soil fractions are not similar to the d-values of any of clay minerals kaolinite, quartz, chlorite and illite. FT-IR spectra of all fractions show the presence of Zn=O, O-H, Al-O-Si, Fe-O, Al-OH and Si-O bonds with different vibrational modes. The pHzpc value of silt and clay were obtained as 6.35±0.02 and 5.98±0.02 respectively suggesting that silt surface is neutral but the surface of clay is slightly acidic.


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