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Accumulation of Chromium in Certain plant Species Growing on Mine Dump from Byrapur, Karnataka, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Geology, Loyola Degree College, Pulivendla-516390, Kadapa District, AP, INDIA
  • 2Department of Chemistry, Loyola Degree College, Pulivendla-516390, Kadapa District, AP, INDIA
  • 3P.G. Department of Geology, R.T.M. Nagpur University, Law College Square, Nagpur-40001, MS, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 2, Issue (12), Pages 17-20, December,18 (2012)


In Byrapur Chromite mining area of Hassan District, the plant species, such as Hyptis suaveolenes and Cassia siamea have been growing in chromite mine tailing dumps. The chromium content in the dump soil and in the leaves and stems of the sampled plants was determined and compared with samples collected from non-mineralized zone. Generally the chromium content in the plants growing on the dumps was higher than the samples from non-mineralized zone. Accumulation of chromium in the plant species and in their organs varies e.g. the Cr content is higher in leaves than in stems. In the non-mineralized zone, the chromium content was high in Cassia siamea whereas higher accumulation and distribution of chromium is observed in Hyptis suaveolens from the mining dump site. The study reveals that the mechanism of Chromium tolerance involved in Cassia siamea is possibly different from that of Hyptis suaveolens. The plants can ideally be used as the possible application in agricultural reconnaissance surveys, reclamation and revegetation of adversely affected mining environment and also for phytoremediation.


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