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Comparative study of some selected introduced varieties of groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) in Lafia

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Federal University of Lafia, PMB 146, Lafia, Nigeria and Environmental BioTec. and Sustainability Research Group, Dept. of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
  • 2Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Federal University of Lafia, PMB 146, Lafia, Nigeria
  • 3Environmental BioTec. and Sustainability Research Group, Dept. of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
  • 4Environmental BioTec. and Sustainability Research Group, Dept. of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria and Applied Environmental Biosciences and Public Health Research Group, Dept of Microbiology, University of 3 Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
  • 5Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Kashere, Nigeria

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 12, Issue (3), Pages 25-35, October,18 (2022)


Groundnut (Arachis hypogeae.) serves as a very crucial means of getting of getting oil and for food also. Recent studies have shown that yearly, almost 35.6 million tones is produced on 26.4 million ha. Although groundnut is majorly cultivated to be eaten by man, it is also used as desert or produced as oil, butter or other produce from it. It is produced for the sole purpose of selling in many parts of Turkey because it has the tendency for more yield and the commercial value it carries. Groundnut is always grown for the purpose of large-scale production to sale, to be used as a major and suitable substitute for meat as protein or for other very important purposes for man. This study was carried out to compare the growth and yield parameters of some selected introduced varieties of groundnut in Lafia, Nasarawa State of Nigeria. The aim of this work was to examine the morphological parameters of some introduced varieties of groundnut and to investigate the best adapted variety of groundnut in Lafia, Nasarawa State. College of Agriculture, Science and Technology Lafia consultancy unit, Lafia, Nasarawa state was the site where the experiment was carried out during the major seasons of 2021. The varieties were ICG88104, ICG98294, ICG4412, ICG12189 and SAMNUT26. All improved varieties maturing in 93 to 104 days. Randomized complete Block Design (RCBD) was adopted as the experimental design while it was replicated five (5) times. Planting was done at a gap of 25cm between stands and between rows on a plot measured 1M×1M for each replicate. The results presented showed that the variety ICG88105 have the best adaptation in terms of germination percentage, quantity of leaves, quantity of flowers, quantity of pods, pod weight, dried haulm weight, fresh weight and the crop growth rate. Seedling establishment was favored in some varieties as other shows low seedling survival in this growing season. Results also showed that in seed selection of improve varieties, farmers should be considerate on the purpose of their farming either for pod or haulm this will enable them to make informed choices of which of which the improved variety should be selected.


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