International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Antibacterial Potential of Achyranthus aspera Linn Procured from Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Biotechnology, Lovely School of Bio-Sciences,Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 1, Issue (8), Pages 80-82, November,18 (2011)


Achyranthus aspera, Family: Amaranthaceae was procured from Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana regions in the month of January-2010. Methanol extract of dried whole plants of Achyranthus aspera was evaluated against bacterial species viz., Bacillus cereus, Escherchia coli, Acinetobacter baumanii Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella typhi. The plants procured from Himachal Pradesh showed the best antimicrobial activity followed by Punjab and Haryana region respectively. Escherchia coli was maximally inhibited (24mmħ0.5) by the plants from Himachal Pradesh region followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (23mmħ0.7) and Bacillus cereus (20mmħ0.51) at the concentration of 2000µg. The zone of inhibition could not be detected at 500 µg for Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, from all the locations investigated and at 1000 µg also, no inhibition was observed in plant samples collected from Haryana region. All the bacterial species were found susceptible to methanolic extract of whole plants of Achyranthes aspera however at high concentrations.


  1. Girach R.D. and Khan A.S.A., Ethnomedicinal uses of Achyranthes aspera leaves in Orissa (India), Int. J.Pharmacogn, 30, 113-115 (1992)
  2. Ghani A., Medicinal Plant of Bangladesh with Chemical Constituents and Uses, 2nd ed. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka., 71-72 (2003)
  3. Bhattarai N., Folk herbal remedies for gynaecological complaints in Central Nepal, Int J Pharmacogn, 32, 13-26 (1994)
  4. Tahiliani P. and Kar A., Achyranthes aspera elevates thyroid hormone level and decreasehepatic lipid peroxidation in male rats, J Ethanopharmacol, 71, 527-532 (2000)
  5. Akhtar M.S. and Iqbal J. Evaluation of the hypoglycaemic effect of Achyranthes aspera, J. Ethnopharmacol, 31, 49-57(1991)
  6. Bashir A., El Sayed H. and Amiri M.H. et al.,Antimicrobial activity of certain plants used in the folk medicine of United Arab Emirates Fitoterapia LXIII., 4,371-5 (1992)
  7. Sofowora A., Medicinal Plants and Traditional Medicines in Africa, Chichester John Wiley and Sons New York., 97- 145 (1993)
  8. Trease G.E., Evans W.C., Pharmacology 11th Ed. Bailliere Tindall Ltd, London., 60-75 (1978)
  9. Kokate C.L., Practical Pharmacolognosy, Vallabh Prakashan publishers, 107-111 (1991)
  10. Elumalai E.K., Chandrasekaran N., Thirumalai T., Sivakumar C., Viviyan S. and David E., Achyranthes aspera leaf extracts inhibited fungal growth, International Journal of PharmTech Research., 1576-1579 (2009)
  11. Tullanithi K.M, Sharmila B. and Gnanendra., Preliminary Phytochemical analysis and Antimicrobial activity of Achyranthes aspera Linn, T.S International Journal of Biological Technology, 1, 35-38 (2010)
  12. Londonkar R., Reddy C. and Kumar A., Potential antibacterial and antifungal activity of Achyranthus aspera L. Recent Research in Science and Technology., 3(4), 53-57 (2011)
  13. Hasan A., Farman M. and Ahmed I., Flavonoid glycosides from Indigofera hebepetala, Phytochemistry,35, 275-6 (1994)
  14. Raj Narayana K, Sripal Reddy M, Chaluvadi M.R. and Krishna D.R., Bioflavanoids, classification, pharmacological, biochemical effects and therapeutic potentials, Ind.J. Pharmacology, 33, 2-16 (2001)