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Asymptomatic Urinary tract Infections in Psychotic Patients at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Pharmaceutical Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sci., University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA
  • 2 Department of Mental Health, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH) Port Harcourt, NIGERIA

Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 1, Issue (5), Pages 8-14, June,28 (2013)


The prevalence of asymptomatic urinary tract infections in psychotic patients and the sensitivity of isolated bacteria to commonly used antibiotics were determined. Clean voided mid-stream urine samples were obtained from 60 psychotic and 60 non-psychotic patients at the university of Port Harcourt teaching hospital (UPTH), Rivers state, Nigeria. The patients were made up of both males and females aged between 16 and 60 years. All the urine samples were cultured for the presence of bacteria which were identified on the basis of cultural characteristics and biochemical tests using standard methods. From the results, 9(15%) bacterial isolates were obtained from psychotic patients and 12 (20%) bacterial isolates from non-psychotic (control) patients. Escherichia coli with 4 (44.4%) isolates was the most predominant organism, followed by Staphylococcus aureus with 3(33.3%) and Staphylococcus spp. with 2 (22.2%) isolates in the psychotic patients. In the non psychotics, Klebsiella spp. with 4 (33.3%) isolates was the most predominant, followed by Staphylococcus aureus with 3 (25%), Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa with 2 (16.7%) isolates respectively and Proteus spp. with 1 (8.3%) isolate. Antibiotic sensitivity test was done using different antibiotics by the agar diffusion method and their zones of inhibition recorded. The overall results obtained indicated varied patterns of antibiotic sensitivity and resistance. There was no statistically significant difference at p0.05 observed in the antimicrobial sensitivity tests for both groups and no significant relationship was established between level of hygiene and the psychotic state.


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