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Arsenic Distribution in Groundwater and its Effect on Health of People of Kishanganj, Bihar, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 P.G. Department of Chemistry, D. S. College, Katihar, BNMU, Bihar-854105, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Chemistry, Kishanganj College of Engineering and Technology, Veriadangi, Kishanganj, BNMU, Bihar-855107, INDIA
  • 3 Department of Zoology, L.S.T.G. College, Aungaridham, Nalanda, M.U.,Bihar, 801301, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 4, Issue (5), Pages 47-56, May,22 (2015)


The objective of this research work is to analyze the arsenic distribution, their possible sources in groundwater and monitoring of health consequence on human population of Kishanganj district, Bihar, India. The arsenic concentration in groundwater from different sources of five blocks of Kishanganj district, were examined during summer, rainy and winter seasons (2011-2013). In the present work the arsenic contamination varied from 0.0-22 µg/l in different groundwater resources of various villages. The result reveals that among 5 blocks of Kishanganj district 17(11.33 %) hand pump/tap water samples have arsenic contamination above the permissible limit of 10 µg/l, whereas out of 150 open/ring wells, only 9 (6.0 %) samples were arsenic contaminated. The results of the questionnaire survey was conducted on age group from 13 to 58 years’ old people in the five block of Kishanganj district to evaluate the impact of arsenic on human health. It was found that out of 1,500 participants examined, 91 (6.0 %) patients diagnosed with clinical features of arsenicosis characterized by arsenical dermal lesion. The occurrence of skin lesion was found to be high in males (3.7 %) compared to females (2.4 %)). Out of total number of cases having arsenical dermal disease, 6.0 % had pigmentation and there were no cases of keratosis. Questionnaire survey also reveals that large number of the people living in the arsenic affected villages were economically poor, had inadequate education and were engaged in physical labor and unaware of the adverse effect of arsenic contaminated water. This research study will be helpful to create awareness among the people and make them free from arsenic borne disease


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