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Water Quality and Pollution load of River Mandakini at Chitrakoot, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Dept. of Energy and Environment, MGCGV, Chitrakoot, Satna-485780, MP, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (6), Pages 13-19, May,22 (2013)


The rivers in India have religious importance. Water, especially river water subjected to pollution due to direct discharge of domestic sewage, industrial waste, Agricultural run-off, etc. into the river. Most of the major towns are located on the catchment area ofssss river systems, discharging their wastewater directly or indirectly into surface water bodies e.g. rivers, etc. The detailed survey of river revealed that small areas as well as large areas which fall in the way of river, dump domestic and toxic wastes in the river rendering serious environmental problems posing threat on human beings and biodiversity. The point sources discharge of domestic sewage or wastewater through open drains or sewerage system, etc. The non-point sources of pollution are agriculture runoff, washing of cloths, cattle wallowing and throwing of carcasses or half burnt dead bodies etc. The pollution potential of the riverine system has increased, which has not only degraded the quality of water of these rivers but also has affect the flora and fauna The various pollutants entering into eco-system through drains may be bio-degradable and non-biodegradable; these pollutants have also higher BOD and COD level. Keeping the above points in mind, the study of river and various drains joining to the river Mandakini at Chitrakoot has been selected for the study.


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