International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

An effect of dry and moist condition on blood stained forensic samples

Author Affiliations

  • 1Regional Forensic Science Laboratory, Home (Police) Department, Indore, MP, India
  • 2Regional Forensic Science Laboratory, Home (Police) Department, Indore, MP, India

Res. J. Forensic Sci., Volume 7, Issue (1), Pages 1-3, January,29 (2019)


Investigations done in a laboratory specially, the cases where biological fluids are being used, helps a great deal in investigating crime. For instance, blood which is a crucial biological fluid serves as most prevailing evidence linked with the majority of criminal cases. The blood serves as an important tool in illuminating crime case investigation, but criminals can hide valuable evidence like blood stained clothes and thereby hindrance the analysis of crime. The present study was carried out at Regional Forensic Science Laboratory, Indore on blood stained exhibit kept at different environmental conditions. The observation shows that, ideal blood samples (without any contamination) show blood grouping result still six months kept in dried condition, whereas under moist conditions, the blood samples show blood grouping up to three months. On the contrary, blood sample of forensic cases investigated, show positive blood grouping results up to three months under dried condition and less than a month under moist condition. The present study focuses on how the differences occur when a blood stained exhibit is kept in varied condition keeping in view the environment and time. It is important that the blood stains should be carefully collected and properly preserved at crime scene, so that it can result in better judgment in court of law.


  1. Chauhan A., Aggarwal K., Tomar N. and Shukla S.K. (2017)., Species Determination from Blood; An Advancement in Trend Towards the Investigation., J.Forensic Sci. & Criminal Inves., 5(5), 1-3.
  2. Li B., Beveridge P., O, The age estimation of blood stains up to 30 days old using visible wavelength hyperspectral image analysis and linear discriminant analysis., Science & Justice, 53(3), 270-277.
  3. Lin H., Zhang Y., Wang Q., Li B., Huang P. and Wang Z. (2017)., Estimation of the age of human bloodstains under the simulated indoor and outdoor crime scene conditions by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy., Scientific reports, 7(1), 13254. DOI: 10.1038/541598-017-13725-1.
  4. Nakao K.I., Shimada R., Hara K. and Kibayashi K. (2013)., Experimental study on Age Estimation of Blood stains Based on Biological and Toxicological Analysis., The open Forensic Science Journal, 6, 6-11.
  5. Mohite P.M., Keche A., Anjankar A.J. and Ninave S. (2011)., Effect of Ageing and Environmental Condition for Detection of Blood Group from Blood Stain., J Indian Acad Forensic Med., 33(4), 308-310.
  6. Bremmer R.H., de Bruin K.G., van Gemert M.J., van Leeuwen T.G. and Aalders M.C. (2012)., Forensic quest for age determination of bloodstains., Forensic science international, 216(1-3), 1-11.
  7. Bhardwaj D.N. (2003)., Preservation of exhibits in medico legal cases in casualty., Jour. of Acad. of hosp. adm., 15(2). (2003-07-2003- 12).
  8. Kulkarni U.K., Gosavi N.R. and Kulkarni K.V. (2016)., Effect of Ageing and Environment of North Maharashtra on Abo Grouping Substances of Blood Stain., J Pharm Chem Biol Sci., 3(4), 608-611.
  9. Parveen K.J. (2005)., An Interdisciplinary approach to forensic science., Delhi: Selective and Scientific Books, 162.
  10. El-Habashi A.A., Jado A., Farag A.M. and el-Assam O. (1991)., Study on the factors affecting ABO grouping of blood stains., Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology, 21(1), 151-161.
  11. Varsha S. John (2004)., A study of the effect of substrates and temperature on bloodstains., Indian J Criminol Criminol, 85, 96-101.
  12. Zlobina N.A. (2004)., Specific research of antigens of the ABO system in samples of decayed blood., Sudebno-meditsinskaia ekspertiza, 47(6), 35.
  13. Laboratory Procedure Manual Forensic Serology (2005)., Directorate of Forensic Science.Ministry of Home Affairs.Government of India. New Delhi., Selective and Scientific Books Publisher, New Delhi., 15-16.
  14. Lötterle J., Gloss R. and Bauer I. (1989)., Specific Preparation for ABO determination of various kinds of blood stain., Arch Knminol, 184(1-2), 38-47.
  15. Azim B.M. and Jain N.K. (2015)., Effects of Fabric Materials on ABO Blood grouping of Blood Group A and B From Blood., International Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies, 2(10).