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Parental Involvement Level: A Factor Associated With Differences in Performance among Students at Tsodilo Secondary School in Botswana

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Botswana College of Agriculture, P/Bag 0027, Gaborone, Botswana,
  • 2
  • 3

Res. J.Educational Sci., Volume 2, Issue (1), Pages 8-12, April,1 (2014)


The study assessed the effects of parental involvement level on performance among students in Tsodilo Secondary School in Botswana. Based on the previous year standardised end of year examination results, students were divided into three strata of higher, medium and low academic performers. Simple random sampling was the used to pick participants from each strata ending up with a total of 144 participants. Four standard indicators of parental involvement level were identified and close ended questions formulated in relation to those indicators. The resulting parental involvement level was categorized into three levels of high, medium and low. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to test for significant differences in mean performance across the three parental involvement levels. The findings of the study revealed that parental involvement level has a significant effect on academic performance among students in Tsodilo Secondary School. Since a significant difference was realised a further LSD (least significance difference) test was performed to find out which parental involvement levels actually differ in performance.The LDS results revealed that academic performance differed significantly across all the three parental involvement levels. The study recommended amongst others that School community partnerships should be strengthened as a way of increasing parental involvement for positive educational outcomes.


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