International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Aplectana sp., nematode parasite of Bufo stomaticus from Kirtipur, Nepal

Author Affiliations

  • 1Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • 2Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal

Res. J. Animal, Veterinary and Fishery Sci., Volume 4, Issue (5), Pages 1-6, May,24 (2016)


Aplectana sp. is a parasite of the alimentary canal of amphibians and reptiles. During the period of April to June 2013, 20 Bufo stomaticus were collected from Kirtipur, Nepal. All live toads were anaesthetized, dissected in saline water and alimentary canals were examined thoroughly for nematode parasites. The nematode parasites collected were taxonomically studied and identified as Aplectana sp. distinguished characters revealed short oesophagus, narrow and pointed tail. All the infected hosts were found to be infected by 60% of Aplectana male nematode parasite and female parasite with equal intensity i.e. 8.67. This nematode parasite is the new record from B.stomaticus from Kirtipur, Nepal.


  1. Shah K.B. and Tiwari S. (2004)., Herpetofauna of Nepal: A conservation companion., IUCN- The world conservation union (Kathmandu).
  2. Railliet A. and Henry A. (1916)., Nouvelles remarques sur les oxyurides., Ibid, 8(9), 695-705.
  3. Canning E.U., Cox F.E.G., Croll N.A. and Lyons K.M. (1973)., The Natural History of Slapton Ley Nature reserve: VI studies on the Parasites. King, The Natural History of Slapton Ley Nature Reserve, 3, 681-718.
  4. Kennedy M.J. (1977)., Aplectana lynae n.sp. (Nematode: Cosmocercidae) from the red-legged frog, Rana aurora aurora, in British Columbia, Canadian Journal of Zoology, 55(3), 630-634.
  5. Baker M.R. (1985)., Redescription of Aplectana itzocanensis and Aplectana incerta (Nematoda: Cosmocercidae) from Amphibians, , The American Microscopical Society, 104(3), 272-277.
  6. Goldberg S.R., Bursey C.R., Sullivan B.K. and Troung Q.A. (1996)., Helminths of the Sonoran Green Toad, Bufo retiformis (Bufonidae), from Southern Arizona, Journal Helminthological Society of Washington, 63(1), 120-122.
  7. Puga S. and Torres P. (1997)., Aplectana artigasi n. sp. (Nematoda: Cosmocercidae) from the frog Eupsophus calcaratus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) in Southern Chile, Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 92(6), 767-770.
  8. Bursey C.R., Goldberg S.R. and Telford Jr. S. (2006)., New species of Aplectana (Nematoda: Cosmocercidae) and Mesocoelium monas (Digenea: Brachycoeliidae) in Lepidophyma flavimaculatum (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from Costa Rica, Caribbean journal of science, 42(2), 164-170.
  9. Sey O. and Ghaith L.A. (2000)., Helminths of green toads Bufo viridis, Laurenti, 1789 and spiny tailed lizards, Uromastyx microlepis Blanford, 1874 of Kuwait, Miscnea zoologica hungarica, 13, 21-27.
  10. Muzzall P.M. (2005)., Parasites of Amphibians and Reptiles from Michigen: A review of the literature 1916-2003, , Michigan Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Research Report 2077.
  11. Bursey C.R., Goldberg S.R. and Kraust F. (2011)., New Species of Aplectana (Nematoda: Cosmocercidae) in Sphenomorphus pratti from Papua New Guinea, Journal of Parasitology, 97(4), 654-660.
  12. Bursey C.R. and Goldberg S.R. (2011)., Helminths of the Mao-Son Frog, Hylarana maosoneensis (Anura: Ranidae), from Vietnam., Comparative Parasitology, 78(2), 373-374.
  13. Yidirimahan H.S., Sumer N., Incedogan S. and Bursey C.R. (2012)., Helminth Parasites of the lemon-yellow tree frog, Hyla savignyi (Hylidae), from Turkey, , Journal of Zoology, 36(2), 171-184.
  14. Yamaguti S. (1961)., Systema Helminthum. Volume III. The Nematodes of Vertebrates, part I., Interscience publishers. Inc., New York, Interscience Publishers Ltd., London.
  15. Yamaguti S. (1961)., Systema Helminthum., Volume III. The Nematodes of Vertebrates, part II. Interscience publishers. Inc., New York, Interscience Publishers Ltd., London.
  16. Pun S.K. and Maharjan M. (2015)., New Report of Rhabdias sp. (Nematoda: Rhabdiasidae) from Nepal, Journal of Institute of Science and Technology, 20(2), 153-155.
  17. Pun S.K. and Maharjan M. (2016)., A new report of Kalicephalus sp., intestinal nematode parasite of Amphiesma stolatum (Reptilia: Colubridae) from Kirtipur, Nepal, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, 5(ISCA-2015), 20-23.
  18. Bursey C.R. and Brooks D.R. (2011)., Nematode parasites of Costa Rican Snakes (serpents) with Description of a new species of Abbreviata (Physalopteridae), Comparative Parasitology, 78(2), 333-358.